PE Bag Production Process: Instructions From A to Z

In the modern world, PE (Polyethylene) bags have become an indispensable part of our daily lives. From supermarkets to restaurants, from hospitals to schools, we can find the presence of PE bags everywhere. Therefore, the PE bag production process is a complex process that requires high precision and expertise to produce high quality PE Bags, meeting the needs of businesses and consumers.

Definition of PE Bags

Firstly, let’s understand clearly about PE bags. PE bags are bags made from Polyethylene, the most popular plastic in the world. Outstanding features of PE bags are durability, water resistance and flexibility. Depending on the intended use, PE bags can be produced with different thicknesses and sizes.

Ingredients and Preparation

Ingredients and Preparation

The PE (Polyethylene) bag production process starts with the most important stage: selecting and preparing raw materials. This is the first and most basic step, determining the quality and characteristics of the final PE bag. Below are details on the key aspects in the ingredients and preparation section:

1. Material Selection:

The main raw material for producing PE bags is Polyethylene plastic beads. Polyethylene is a thermoplastic created from the polymerization of ethylene, and it is classified into two main types:

  • PELD (Low Strength Polyethylene): PELD has the characteristics of flexibility, high durability and good impact resistance. This type of plastic is suitable for producing soft PE bags, with good elasticity and tensile strength.
  • PEHD (High Strength Polyethylene): PEHD has good chemical resistance and is less flexible than PELD. It is often used to produce PE bags with greater thickness, suitable for storing heavy or sharp goods.

2. Check and Prepare Ingredients:

After choosing the type of plastic resin, the quality inspection process is the next step. This process includes:

  • Moisture Test: PE plastic pellets need to be tested for moisture to ensure that they are not too moist, as high humidity can affect the melting and molding process.
  • Screening and Classification: Plastic pellets are screened to remove impurities and classified according to uniform size, ensuring consistency in the production process.
  • Mixing Raw Materials: Depending on the specific requirements of the product, PE plastic pellets can be mixed with additives such as colors, UV inhibitors, softeners, to improve the properties of the final PE bag. .

3. Prepare Machines:

Before starting the production process, machines such as extruders, cutters, and printers (if necessary) need to be periodically inspected and maintained. This includes:

  • Machine Cleaning and Maintenance: Ensure that machinery is clean and operating properly to prevent problems during production.
  • Setting Technical Parameters: The temperature, speed, and pressure settings of the extruder and blower must be appropriate to the type of resin and the desired end product.

4. Safety and Environment:

During preparation, worker safety and environmental impact also need to be considered. Environmental protection measures such as recycling plastic scrap and safely disposing of waste are very important.

Careful and precise preparation during this stage not only affects the performance and quality of the final PE bag but also ensures sustainability and safety during the production process.

PE Bag Production Process

The production process of PE (Polyethylene) bags is a highly technical, complex process, and is divided into many different stages. Here’s a detailed look at each step in this process:

1. Prepare Ingredients

The main raw material in PE bag production is Polyethylene plastic beads. There are two main types of plastic pellets used: PEHD (High Strength Polyethylene) and PELD (Low Strength Polyethylene), depending on the properties and durability required for the final product. This material is usually purchased in granular form and needs to be checked for quality before use.

2. Melting and Molding Plastic

PE plastic pellets are fed into the extruder, where they are melted at high temperatures. In this process, molten plastic is forced through an extrusion nozzle of a specific shape (usually round or oval), creating a continuous plastic film.

3. Blowing and Shaping

After passing through the extruder, the plastic film is inflated with compressed air. This helps increase the size of the plastic film and create the necessary thickness. This blowing process is very important, because it directly affects the quality and characteristics of the final PE bag.

4. Cooling

After being inflated, the plastic film will be cooled with air or water to shape. The cooling process needs to be strictly controlled to ensure that the plastic film does not shrink or deform.

5. Cutting and Shaping

After cooling, the plastic film will be rolled up and transferred to the cutting area. Here, plastic film is cut into specific sizes according to product requirements. The bags are then shaped, which may include sealing the bag edges or creating special types of bag bottoms (such as flat bottoms or gusset bottoms).

6. Printing (If Needed)

For PE bags that need printing, this process will be done after cutting and shaping. There are many different printing methods that can be used, depending on the customer’s requirements and the characteristics of the bag.

7. Quality Check

Each PE bag after being produced will undergo a strict quality inspection process. This includes testing for durability, thickness, and ensuring there are no errors in the printing or shaping process.

8. Packaging and Shipping

After passing quality control, PE bags are packaged and prepared for transportation. Packaging needs to ensure safety during transportation and comply with customer requirements.


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